Today, we´re continuing our series about the Chinese Expeditionary Force in Burma during World War Two. In 1941, the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and several overseas British colonies, heralded the start of the Pacific War. China by this time was already involved in its own war, against the Japanese invasion. A key aim of Japanese strategy in China was to isolate the country. By 1943, China’s only remaining line of communication with the West - the Yunnan-Burma Road in the southwest - had been severed. This made it imperative for another route to be opened, along which international aid could reach China. In Burma, Chinese forces and their allies, launched the ANAKIM campign, aimed at opening up a road from India to China.